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Citing Sources of Information 引文及列明出處: How to Cite

How to cite a source?

To properly cite a source, most styles have two necessary components: the in-text citation which corresponds to a specific source in the reference list or cited works list.

In-text citations

  • Abbreviated citations that direct readers to the full bibliographic citations listed in your reference list. 
  • Usually include the author's last name and the page number for the information cited.
  • Use it whenever the idea/information is from another source.

in-text citation

Example 1

 
Reference list or cited works list
  • A complete list of citations to books, journal or newspaper articles, or other items used in your assignment.
  • It is usually arranged alphabetically and formatted according to one of the citation styles.
  • Included at the end of your assignment. 

Example 2

Can you find the full bibliographic citations of the in-text citations (Example 1) from the reference list (Example 2)?

Citations may look different, depending on what was being cited and which style was being used. Ask your teacher which style you should use before you start writing your assignment. Also, remember to be consistent! Follow the same citation style throughout the whole paper.  

Citation style

There are many types of citation styles. We will introduce three commonly used citation styles in this guide.

  • APA (American Psychological Association) - used in Psychology, Education, Business and the Social Sciences disciplines;

  • Chicago Manual of Style - the notes and bibliography system is preferred in Humanities courses; the author-date system is preferred in Sciences and Social Sciences disciplines;

  • MLA (Modern Language Association) - commonly used in Humanities courses.

Guide on "Avoiding Plagiarism"

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